Water, the most important resource that we humans need to exist. This is fact but unfortunately water is probably the most abused resource on this planet through pollution & wastage. The rich, industrial countries of the world take little responsibility for the environment & discharge waste products every day into rivers & lakes worldwide poisoning fish, wildlife & plant life. In the third world there are millions of starving people due to water shortage that doesn’t allow crops to grow adequately. In some countries it rains maybe every 3-4 years for a couple of days continuously & disappears as quickly as it arrived. In others it rains a couple of months nonstop. Some would say that in others it rains the whole year.
Water covers approximately 71% of the Earth’s surface & is vital for all known forms of life. 96.5% of the planet’s water is found in seas & oceans, 1.7% in groundwater, 1.7% in glaciers & the ice caps of Antarctica & Greenland, a small fraction in other large water bodies & 0.001% in the air as vapor, clouds (formed of solid & liquid water particles suspended in air) & precipitation. Only 2.5% of the Earth’s water is freshwater & 98.8% of that water is in ice & groundwater. Less than 0.3% of all freshwater is in rivers, lakes & the atmosphere & an even smaller amount of the Earth’s freshwater (0.003%) is contained within biological bodies & manufactured products.